THERE’S NO GOING BACK.
Sterilisation involves removing the body's ability to release eggs into the womb with a surgical procedure. Generally speaking it is not reversible, so it is only a choice for women who never want to have children, or who don't wish to have any more.
Sterilisation involves an operation which can be performed under a local or a general anaesthetic, and you can usually go home on the same day. During the surgery the fallopian tubes are cut, sealed using an instrument with an electrical current, or closed with clamps or rings. Once done, sterilisation doesn't affect libido or your ability to have sex, but it's important to consult your doctor or nurse while you make the decision. They will help you weigh the benefits, risks and any potential drawbacks, and inform you of other long-acting contraceptives, which are also highly effective.
HOW IT MEASURES UP
Typical use means how well the method works in real life and perfect use means how well a method works under 'perfect' or ideal conditions for example when there is no user error at any time.
No. Female sterilisation is hormone-free.
EASE OF USE
Female sterilisation is permanent. Once the procedure is done, it’s done.
Female sterilisation has no impact on menstruation.
NEED ADVICE? SPEAK TO YOUR HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL.
Seek out an appointment with your doctor or nurse for further support that meets your needs.
KNOW YOUR OPTIONS
THE INTRAUTERINE SYSTEM (IUS)
– AKA THE HORMONAL COIL
The Hormonal Coil is a small, soft T-shaped plastic frame that releases low levels of a progestin hormone for up to 3 to 6 years. It is given with a prescription and placed in your womb by a doctor or nurse.
THE INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)
– AKA THE COPPER COIL
The Copper Coil is a small, T-shaped plastic frame that has a copper wire. It is given with a prescription and placed in your womb by a doctor or nurse, where it prevents pregnancy for up to 5 to 10 years.
A small, flexible silicone rod that releases hormones for up to 3 to 5 years. It is given with a prescription and placed under the skin of your upper arm by a doctor or nurse.
THE COMBINED ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL (COCP)
COCPs are tablets which may have to be taken every day, releasing the hormones oestrogen and progestogen to prevent pregnancy. They are often referred to as the Pill and you will need a prescription from your healthcare professional for these.
THE PROGESTOGEN-ONLY PILL (POP)
POPs are tablets which have to be taken every day at the same time with no break between packs. These pills only contain a progestogen hormone so they can be taken by women for whom oestrogen-containing options are not suitable. They are also known as the mini-pill and you will need a prescription from your healthcare professional for these.
An injection containing hormone(s) that is given with a prescription and administered by a doctor or nurse every 1 or 3 months.
A small, thin, skin-colored plastic square that sticks to the skin and releases hormones. It is given with a prescription and can be self-administered once a week.
A silicone cup placed in the vagina that prevents sperm from reaching the womb. Though some are fitted by a doctor or nurse, most are self-administered with a prescription up to 24 hours before sex.
A small, flexible ring that is self-administered with a prescription and placed in the vagina, where it releases hormones for 3 weeks.
An internal condom that works in the same way male condoms do, though it is placed in the vagina. It is self-administered and bought over the counter.
A sheath placed over the erect penis to stop sperm from reaching the vagina, it is also the only method that helps lower the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is self-administered and bought over the counter.
Self-directed methods of avoiding pregnancy that includes menstrual cycle tracking and body temperature measurements to identify fertile days.
Creams, films, foams, gels and suppositories that contain chemicals to stop or kill sperm. These are bought over the counter and are self-administered.
Also known as ‘the pull-out method’, this self-directed method involves withdrawing the penis prior to ejaculation to avoid pregnancy.
A medical procedure performed by a doctor or nurse that blocks the tubes carrying sperm.
PP-PF-WHC-GB-0651 | Date of preparation: May 2021